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Exercise Green Shield


      Exercise Green Shield        

      Base Aérienne 133 Nancy

 
From April 7 to April 18, the exercise Green Shield took place in northern France. For this purpose, six F-15 C / D Eagle from Saudi Arabia deploy  to Base Aerienne 133 Nancy-Ochey, next to French Air force  Mirage 2000-5F / D / B, Rafale C / B who also participate in the exercise. The aim of the exercise is to provide procedures, skills and tactical maneuvers of the various forces to young Pilots and to sharpen their Skills. The collected experiences will help to strengthen co-operation in Future conflicts and they enhance the security during peacetime flight operations. But such deployments do not only serve the training of the flying crews but rather represent a particular challenge for the ground crews, which ensure the operational capability of the planes with the available equipment such as in a combat zone.

The McDonnell Douglas F-15 "Eagle"

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In 1965, the
US Air Force began studies for a suitable successor to the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom after several changes of the required are limited the field of applicants. At the end of 1968 applicants where McDonnell Douglas (MDD), North American and Fairchild Republic. Unlike previous evaluations no prototypes competed against each other. Instead, the designs were analyzed and evaluated by the NASA. After MDD won the contract with the United States Air Force they began with the construction of 20 prototypes. First time in the history the flight tests were supported by  3: 8 scale remote-controlled drones which were launched from a NASA NB-52. The first F-15A rolled out of the assembly line at St. Louis in June 26, 1972 after the rollout they been disassembled and was brought to Edwards Air Force Base in California, where it was assembled again for the first flight.Followed by the first flight of the two-seater on July 7, 1973 The commissioning of the F-15 took place on November 14, 1974 with the delivery of the first F-15A to the 555th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron.The introduction in the operational units began in January 1976 with the deliveries of the first aircraft to the 1st Tactical Fighter Wing at Langley AFB Virginia. At this time, the F-15 received her nickname "Eagle" during the imposition of the F-15A / B MDD are already working on a advanced version of the Eagle. On 27 February 1979, the firstadvanced F-15 “C” completed its maiden flight, on 19 June of the same year the advanced two-seat version of the F-15 “D”. The new variant s enter service in the autumn of 1979 and replaced the older models of the F-15 (A/B) of the US Air Force. The older F-15A / B changed to the National Guard. The biggest changes compared to the F-15A / B are an increased range, improved engines and improvements to the radar and flight control software. Until 1985, a total of 483 F-15C and 92  F-15D were built and delivered. The Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) has about 130 Eagles (C, D, S) all six machines that are involved in Green Shield 14 associated to the RSAF  2nd  Wing based on the King Fahd Air Base (Ta'if).of the Eagle. On 27 February 1979, the firstadvanced F-15 “C” completed its maiden flight, on 19 June of the same year the advanced two-seat version of the F-15 “D”. The new variant s enter service in the autumn of 1979 and replaced the older models of the F-15 (A/B) of the US Air Force. The older F-15A / B changed to the National Guard. The biggest changes compared to the F-15A / B are an increased range, improved engines and improvements to the radar and flight control software. Until 1985, a total of 483 F-15C and 92  F-15D were built and delivered. The Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) has about 130 Eagles (C, D, S) all six machines that are involved in Green Shield 14 associated to the RSAF  2nd  Wing based on the King Fahd Air Base (Ta'if).

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The French Air Force participants included several Mirage 2000-5F of the EC 01/002 "Cigognes" (storks) who are based since 2011 at Base Aérienne 116 in Luxeuil-Saint Sauveur also 2 Mirage 2000B (two-seat trainer variant ) of the EC 02/005 "Ile de France" which are stationed at Base Aérienne 115 in Orange-Caritat took part at Green Shield 14.
The history of the Mirage 2000 began in the early 1970s as the Grumman F-14 "Tomcat" and the McDonnell Douglas F-15 "Eagle" a new generation of fighter planes were put into service. Dassault should develop a twin-engine air superiority fighter. But Dassault had no experience with swing wings and at the same time they notice that a twin Conventional design with the performance of the F-15 would be beyond the financial. Instead, Dassault were looking for a cheaper alternative. Dassault most experiences are delta wing owned Aircraft so they began in December 1975 to work on two new Delta Winged aircraft.
Next to the new single Engine-Jet fighter which took off for their first flight on March 10, 1978  called “Mirage 2000” .Dassault also developed another version which two Engines called  Mirage 4000 they are completed its first flight on March 9, 1978. After the fail of the Mirage 4000.The Mirage 2000 proved to be a successful model with approximately 601 units where built. The last built Mirage 2000 in the version -5 Mk.II was transferred to the Hellenic Air Force in November 2007. The Mirage 2000-5F is an improved variant of the Mirage 2000C which has the more modern Thales RDY radar, glass cockpit and new MICA missiles.


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Base Aérienne 133 Nancy

The Base are located 13 km south of Toul airfield at the beginning of the Second World War was home of an handful of fighter planes like Morane 406 and Potez 63, after the capitulation of France at the end of the West campaign of the German Wehrmacht the German Air Force stationed the Airborne Squadron 1 and 2 with Heinkel He 111 towing aircraft, Gotha Go 242 gliders, Dornier Do 17, and DFS 230 on the French airfield. Added to this were 1944 Messerschmitt BF-109G of the 3rd group of Jagdgeschwader 26 which were replaced after the beginning of the Allied invasion of Normandy by the 1 / LLG2 between spring and June. On 20 August 1944, the airfield was taken of the advancing US Army after makeshift repairs it was called as Airfield A-96. By Nvemboer it was the base for different fighter groups with different aircraft like the P-47 of the 50th and 27th Fighter Group. Also Bristol Beaufighter of the 415th Night Fighter Squadron where stationed in winter 1944/1945. After the War Nancy-Ochey served as a collection point for German prey aircraft in early November 1945, the Airfield returned to the French. In  1950 the base was completely rebuilt and served as a base for the USAF aircraft stationed in France. The first use by the French Air Force was in August 1961, with the 8th squadron de chasse (later 7th Fighter Squadron) which was equipped with Mystere IV. End of August 1967 Nancy was the home of the third squadron de Chasse who was reinforced in September by the 2.Jagdstaffel.1973 the 7th Fighter Squadron left Nancy-Ochey. From June 1974 to March 1977 the squadron de chasse 3/3 flew with the Mirage 5 followed by the Jaguar in May 1987 which was later also replaced by the Mirage IIIE. Their capabilities presented the squadron during operations over Africa and the Gulf in 1990/91. From the end of August 1991 EC 02/003 "Champagne" replaced the Mirage IIIE by the Mirage 2000D (fighter-bomber version of the Mirage 2000). The currently Squadron s stationed in Nancy  EC 01/003 "Navarre", EC 03/003 "Ardenne" shows their capabilities over  Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Chad and Libya Since 2010, Nancy is also home to the ETD 02/007 "Argonne" which is responsible for the retraining of now Crews on the Mirage 2000D. In the first Day s of the exercise we have also some nice Visitors at Nancy like the Grumman S-2T Turbo Tracker which is used in the Sécurité Civile for Firefighting from the air and the
TBM 700 they are used for connecting and VIP flights. 
 
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